Lab 3: Working with Virtual Machines

In this Lab, I will demonstrate how to create and Prepare VM machines for use.

A Virtual Machine is a consist of a bunch of files that store on a supported storage device. A key file that creates a VM is the configuration file, virtual disk file, NVRAM setting file, and log file. A VM is the typically a software computer that acts as a physical machine and runs with the operating system and applications.

A VM is the typically a software computer that acts as a physical machine and runs with the operating system and applications. Each VM has a virtual device that gives the exact functionality as physical hardware and also additional features in term of portability, security and manageability.

The Tasks list for  the lab 3: 

  • Create a Virtual Machine
  • Install a Guest Operating System in a Virtual Machine
  • Identify a Virtual Machine Disk Format and Usage Statistics
  • Install Tools on a Virtual Machine Installed with a Windows OS

Prerequisite:

  • ESXi hostname and root password
  • Virtual Machine Datastore
  • Guest Operating system version [ windows 8 32 or 64 bits operating system]
  • ISO image location
  • Guest Installation ISO

Steps for the task: Create a Virtual Machine

Step 1: Login VMware VSphere Client by using root user and password. Click Home -> Inventorylogin.jpglogin1.jpg

Step 2: Right click on ESXi host in the inventory and Select the “New Virtual machine1

Step3: Now you need to perform the following actions that I showed on the screenshots

Option 1: Configuration: Select Custom

2.jpg

Option 2: Name and Location: Give the name of the Virtual Machine. 3

Option 3: Storage: Select the name of the VM datastore and click Next4.jpg

Option 4: Virtual Machine Version: Keep the default5.jpg

Option 5: Guest Operating system: Microsoft Windows 8 ( 32 bits / 64 bits)6.jpg

Option 6: CPUs: Number of the

virtual processor. Keep it default7.jpg

Option 7: Memory: Follow the instruction of the screen, At least 512 MB. In my case, I chose 1 GB 8.jpg

Option 8: Network: How many NIC you want to connect. You can keep it default. Select Connect at Power on.9.jpg

Option 9: SCSI controller: Keep it default10.jpg

Option 10: Select a Disk:  Create a new virtual disk or keep it default11.jpg

Option 11: Disk size: You should define at least 10 GB 12.jpg

Option 12: Advanced Options: Keep it default13.jpg

Option 13: Read to complete: Click “Finish14.jpg

Step 4: Now click on the newly configure VM and select “Edit Setting”16.jpg

Step 5: Click on CD/DVD device 1 and Select the “Datastore ISO file” Location. Then Device status:  Select the “Connect at Power On“.Then “OK”17.jpg

Steps for the task: Install a Guest Operating System in a Virtual Machine

After configured the new virtual machine, Now you need to install the Guest operating system.

Step1: On the summary tab, Click “Powe On” in the command panel. or Right click on your VM, and Select “Power ->Power On”login2.jpglogin3.jpg

Step 3: Now monitoring the Installation process. It will take  25-30 minutes18.jpg19.jpg20.jpg21.jpg22.jpg23.jpg24.jpg25.jpg

After complete the installation,  From the” Connect/Disconnect the CD/DVD devices of the Virtual Machine”, select “CD/DVD Drive 1 -> Disconnect from the datastore image”.login10.jpg

Steps for the task: Identify a Virtual Machine Disk format and Usage Statistics

In this task, I will show how to identify a virtual machine disk format

Step 1: Right-click on your newly created VM machines and select “Edit Setting” 16

In the hardware list, select Hard disk 1. Under the Disk Provisioning, Identify the VMDK type. In this case, it’s a “Thin Provision“. Click “Cancel” after verifying disk format.login4.jpg

Step 2: Click on your newly created VM again. Now click on “Summary” Tab. In the Resource panel, Click the “Refresh Storage Usage” link to update the provisioned storage and used storage metrics.login5.jpg

Steps for the task: Install Tools on a Virtual Machine Installed with a Windows OS

VMware Tools is a suite of utilities that enhanced the performance of the VM’s guest operating system and improves management of the VM.

Step 1: Log in the guest operating system from the newly created VM console.

In the Manu Bar of the VM console, Select VM -> Guest -> Send Ctrl+Alt+Del. Log in as administrator user id and password.          login7.jpg

Step 2:  Now you need to install VMware Tools into VMguest operating system from the menu bar of the VM console, Select VM -> Guest->Install/Upgrade VMware Tools. Complete the “Installation”.login8.jpg

Read the following message that is displayed on the screen and Click “Oklogin9.jpg

Thank you  🙂

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